Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

From West Elmira Computers Museum
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic flag.png
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
TypeCommunist republic of the USSR
FoundedDecember 30, 1922
FateBecame an independent Ukraine in 1991

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian: Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Russian: Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика), also known as Soviet Ukraine, was one of the founding republics of the Soviet Union upon its foundation on December 30, 1922.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in September 1991, it became an independent country simply known as Ukraine.

History of computing in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

In 1947, the NASU Institute of Electrical Engineering was founded in Feofaniya. In 1950, the Small Electronic Calculating Machine was developed at the institute by a group of scientists under the direction of Sergey Lebedev. This was the first universally programmable electronic computer in the Soviet Union.

In 1960, the construction of the Severodonetsk Instrument Making Plant was completed.

In 1965, at the Institute of Cybernetics of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine in Kyiv, a team of scientists under the direction of Victor Glushkov developed the MIR computer. This was followed by the MIR-1 in 1968 and the MIR-2 in 1969.

From 1983 until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Severodonetsk Instrument Making Plant was one of the facilities that manufactured the Elektronika microprocessor games. These games were unauthorized clones of microprocessor games from Japan and the United States of America.